During the breakout sessions delegates were asked to discuss the key issues as they understood them before presenting a potential solution. The groups discussed three topics:
- What is constraining participation in the labour market for young people?
- Decent work vs fuller employment: how can we use the informal economy to address inequality?
- Protecting young people in the labour market: the role of trade unions.
After the groups had reconvened, the audience were invited to collectively select which of the presented solutions seemed most potentially effective. The results of the poll were as follows:
Create a new narrative around informal workers that recognises that it is not a binary, but a spectrum, and that different solutions are needed – all infused with the discourse of human rights
Champion alternative ways of offering credit access for small businesses and informal workers, e.g. work done by Grameen Bank on micro-lending
Regulation that incentivises ethical behaviour, not just inclusive behaviour
Private business needs to recognise the macro-economic importance of youth protection in employment thus moving beyond the profit-first approach
People who are successful in gaining employment need to return to their communities, providing positive mentors and role models for finding work
Changing narratives on technical education
Encourage professional networks to allow people to find positive employment opportunities
Government intervention that enables a seamless ‘whole-child’ approach, including national early learning requirements
Helping to support entrepreneurship, through access to funding and capital
Address social norms around girls’ ambitions
Government needs to foster partnerships with the private sector
Address disillusionment among young people through centering them and their interests on raising aspirations around work in young people
Government needs to create benchmarks and gold standards as they are a key employer in the economy
Trade unions in Africa should identify and form alliances with other global supporters
Changing narratives on what parents believe is available for their children