Gender Inequalities in India
Addressing Gender Inequalities through Self-Help Groups in Gond Adivasi Communities of Kanker in India
For nearly three decades, the organisation Professional Assistance for Development Action (PRADAN) has been working in the central Indian tribal heartland, to address chronic and abject poverty. The project, a collaboration with Professor Naila Kabeer of LSE’s Department of Gender Studies, explored how Adivasi Gond women in India understand and experience gender inequality and the extent to which current interventions around self-help groups of women address the same. It also aims to identify emergent pathways to engender processes of change. This project not only helps in rethinking practice but also aims to contribute to the growing concern amidst academia to bring subaltern voices (such as the Adivasi) to the forefront. Additionally, it is envisaged that findings from the research could inform policy within ongoing government programs for impact both on poverty and gender inequality.
Download “Group Rights and Gender Justice: exploring tensions within the Gond community in India”, the III Working Paper from this project.
The Revolt of the Rust Belt
The Communal Roots of Anti-Systemic Politics in the US and the UK
This project aimed to to break apart simplistic explanations of anti-systemic politics - in other words, the politics of those who have grown disillusioned and vote against the current system. The demise of the welfare state and the globalisation of capitalist production chains produce widely varying economic realities based largely on geographic region, so communities in different regions have a different “trajectory of place”. The project explored the communal roots of anti-systemic politics, arguing that it is these trajectories of place, more than individual circumstances, that is fueling the politics of Trump and Brexit. The team’s interest was in explaining the different ways people make sense of their experience of economic and cultural decline. If one thinks of black and white declining communities in the United States, for example, the experience of decline is similar, but the ways in these communities make sense of their situations can be very different.
The Role of Diverging Welfare State Trajectories on Income Inequality in Four Former Yugoslav Republics
This project investigated the relationship between income inequality and different welfare state trajectories in four countries of the former Yugoslavia over the three decades since the breakup of the country. It looked at Slovenia, with one of the lowest income inequalities by Gini coefficient among European countries; Croatia, with an average EU level of inequality; and Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, which have the highest income inequality by Gini coefficient in Europe. In the Yugoslav period, these countries shared a generous and inclusive welfare system based on the principles of solidarity and equality.
After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the welfare regimes of these four successor states evolved in different directions. The project examined the contribution of different welfare reforms on the divergent levels of income inequality in these four countries. The focus of the research was on the impact of reforms in education systems, labour markets and in tax and benefit policies on the evolution of inequality in the four countries.